Volume 5

       
 


 


Pinakotheke volume 5 is dedicated to militaria: battle painting, military dress-uniform, weapons, orders and military insignia. It also covers other aspects of art and everyday life connected with this theme.

 

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CONTENTS

CAMERA-OBSCURA

Svetlana Amelekhina & Rifat Gafifullin Ceremonial regalia in the Russian Imperial Court

The senior specialist from the Moscow Kremlin State Museum and the archivist from the State Museum of Pavlovsk near St. Petersburg give a thorough and detailed description of how the ceremonial regalia for orders were established and each stage of development throughout the XVIII century.

Natalia Sipovskaia Ceremonial dinner services.

A Masters graduate in art criticism and a senior specialist with the Research Institute of Art, Sipovskaia examines the first sets of XVIII-century Russian tableware commissioned by the Russian court and intended for use at order celebration days, when all members of the order would gather to dine off the tableware. The author pays particular attention to the cultural context which contributed to the emergence of such dinner services. The addendum provides a register of orders and inventories made upon receipt of the finished crockery at the Franz Gardner factory in Verbilki.

M. B. Orders depicted on Russian porcelain.

Items of porcelain decorated with pictures of orders. All the items are from the State Historical Museum. The author provides detailed comments.

Marianna Bubchikova Souvenirs of regimental dinners.

Menus, crockery and table-linen from the latter half of the XIX and beginning of the XX centuries from the State Historical Museum. This article by the specialist of the Museums Department of Ceramics and Glass throws light on the near-forgotten tradition of military re-union dinners. The menus, which were lithographs and, later, chromolithographs, were specially commissioned from professional artists. They often contained sayings, cartoons, amusing stories and, today, serve as evidence of the particular way officers lived.

Svetlana Argastseva The history of the panorama.

This article by Argastseva, who is a Masters graduate in art criticism and head of the exhibition department of the Battle of Stalingrad Panorama Museum, is dedicated to the phenomenon of the panorama. This art form brings together painting, sculpture, theatrical props, lighting and architecture. Panoramic art, which is a rarity these days, was popular and enjoyed great success in the XIX century. This article reviews the best-known panoramic battle paintings in Europe.

David Edge The Armoury of the Wallace Collection, London

The curator of arms writes about the most valuable exhibits of this unique collection, which was started in Paris in the 1860s by the Marquis of Hertford and subsequently expanded by his son, Richard Wallace. The collection includes oriental and European armour and weaponry from the XV XIX centuries. In spite of the fact that the collection was not added to after the death of its founder in 1890, it is now the most outstanding collection of its kind not only in Europe, but in the whole world.

BLOW UP

Provenance

Olga Speranskaia A portrait of hetman Platov: the history of a real find.

Speranskaia, an art critic and specialist on the overseas market in Russian art, traces the history of a portrait by the English artist William Beech of the famous Ataman, Platov, who fought in the 1812 war. This portrait, commissioned by the Irish aristocrat, General Beresford, was owned privately for over a century and recently surfaced on the antiquarian market.

Interpretation

Alexey Lebedev Copied work in a country estate portrait gallery (second half of the XVIII to the beginning of the XIX centuries).

Lebedev is a Ph.D. in Art History and the leading specialist at the Research Institute of Culture. Alluding to the works of average artists, he describes the place of the portrait in Russian country estate culture at the end of the XVIII and beginning of the XIX centuries. The portrait embodied a nobles idea of prestige; therefore, it was in this particular genre of painting that copies most often appeared. The reproduction would frequently concentrate on the appearance of the person in the picture, rather than the whole of the canvass. The author ascertains that the concept of artistic value underwent a number of significant changes and that in those days a copy was valued more highly than it is today.

Personalia

Sergey Podstanitskii An unknown Russian painter of battle-pieces.

The popular battle-painter from the beginning of the century has all but been forgotten today. However, his works appear from time to time on the antiquarian market and this is the reason for interest in the artists legacy.

Attribution

Nataliia Priimak A lieutenant of the hussar regiment.

The author is a Masters graduate in history and the leading specialist of the Manuscript Department of the State Tretiakov Gallery. Priimak attributes the portrait of a soldier held in the Tretiakov to the popular Russian artist of the mid-XIX century, Sergei Zarianko. Following a detailed analysis of the dress uniform of the man in the portrait and archival research, the author has been able to establish the identity of the soldier.

Private collections

1. Military history in private collections

2. Miniature portraits and military insignia from private

3. Moscow collections

4. Russian dress uniform in private collections

5. A unique collection of dress uniforms and military insignia (with detailed comments).

6. Russian order insignia in private collections. Order insignia of high merit from two of the largest private collections in Moscow. Comments are taken from the Order Statutes, dating from Peter I.

7. The results of sales of order insignia.

Interests

N. D. Vladimir Dushkin a master of historical miniatures.

The article is about an artist and miniature-painter, who was an expert on military history and created a whole gallery of flat figures or figurines plates, which today are collectable items. Vladimir Dushkin (19001989) was one of the first generation of Russians to emigrate and spent most of his life in France. This is the first publication in Russia about the artist.

KALEIDOSCOPE

Exhibitions

Reviews of art exhibitions.

Books

Reviews of art publications.

Sales

A review of the most interesting sales on the foreign antiquarian market.

Announcements

Announcements of art fairs, art auctions and art exhibitions in Russia and abroad.

CHRONICLES

Chronicle of a journey

Sofia Pokrovskaia The island of Malta.

Pokrovskaia shares her impressions of a journey to the island of Malta.

MUSEUM

The National Suvorov Memorial Museum (St. Petersburg).

An introduction to the Suvorov Museum and an account of its unique collection of tin soldiers. Rules on the temporary export of cultural valuables from the Russian Federation.

 

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